Login
About Clfma Cattle Poultry Feed Supplements Aqua Culture

   C A T T L E

Indian Cattle Industry
Compound Feed Industry
Growth Trends In India's Livestock Population 
Meat Production And Per-capita Consumption 
Glossary 

 

India Cattle Industry

Indian cattle industry Livestock farming is integral part of Indian agriculture and contributes to the well being of its people.

Population estimates shows that India will have to provide food for 1.0 billion people in 2010 corresponding to about 16% of worlds total and little over 25% of Asia's human population .In addition to this, India has an equal percentage of livestock population living in less than 5% of world's and 1/3 of Asia's agricultural land area.

Over 80% of these livestock units is ruminants and can be largely described as grass eaters while the rest is monogastric grain eaters. During the last 2 decades the monogastric Grass eaters has grown nearly 10 times and this has increased the demand for concentrates feeds in relation to grass based feeds.

Back to Top  

Compound feed industry

The compound feed industry plays a prominent role in the production of consumer food, and by supplying feed for wide range of animals like cattle, poultry, pig, buffalo, aquaculture industry.

The compound feed industry in India is closely linked to primary agricultural production And its composition is determined by four main criteria:

  1. The price of available raw materials
  2. Their nutritional value
  3. The specific requirement of the livestock in question.
  4. Government /States rules and regulations.

There are two major factors, which determine demand for compound feed industry in India. Firstly size of livestock population and secondly feed consumption per animal. Trends in animal product consumption in India depends upon following factors:

  1. Human population
  2. Economic growth
  3. Urbanization
  4. Consumer preferences
  5. Political regulations
  6. Import and export of livestock products
  7. Fertile land availability for agriculture
  8. On farm mixing
  9. Feed conversion
  10. Climate

Back to Top  

Growth Trends In India's Livestock Population 
  
Last updated: Feb 29, 2012
Livestock Population in India by Species (In Million Numbers)
Species 1951 1956 1961 1966 1972 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 2003 2007$
Cattle 155.3 158.7 175.6 176.2 178.3 180.0 192.5 199.7 204.6 198.9 185.2 199.1
Adult Female Cattle 54.4 47.3 51.0 51.8 53.4 54.6 59.2 62.1 64.4 64.4 64.5 73.0
Buffalo 43.4 44.9 51.2 53.0 57.4 62.0 69.8 76.0 84.2 89.9 97.9 105.3
Adult Female Buffalo 21.0 21.7 24.3 25.4 28.6 31.3 32.5 39.1 43.8 46.8 51.0 54.5
Total Bovines 198.7 203.6 226.8 229.2 235.7 242.0 262.2 275.7 288.8 288.8 283.1 304.4
Sheep 39.1 39.3 40.2 42.4 40.0 41.0 48.8 45.7 50.8 57.5 61.5 71.6
Goat 47.2 55.4 60.9 64.6 67.5 75.6 95.3 110.2 115.3 122.7 124.4 140.5
Horses and Ponies 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6
Camels 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.5
Pigs 4.4 4.9 5.2 5.0 6.9 7.6 10.1 10.6 12.8 13.3 13.5 11.1
Mules 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Donkeys 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.4
Yak NC NC 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mithun NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Total Livestock 292.9 306.6 336.5 344.5 353.2 369.4 419.6 445.2 470.9 485.4 485.0 529.7
Poultry * 73.5 94.8 114.2 115.4 138.5 159.2 207.7 275.3 307.1 347.6 489.0 648.8
NC : Not Collected;  NA: Not Available    * Includes Chicken, ducks, turkey & other birds
$ Provisional derived from village level totals
Source : Livestock Censuses, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, GoI

 

Back to Top  

Milk Production across countries (Million tonnes)
Country 1970 1980 1990 1996 1997 2000 2005 2010
India 20.80 31.56 53.68 68.36 70.88 79.66 95.62 117.00
United States of America 53.07 58.24 67.01 69.86 70.80 76.02 80.25 87.46
China 1.96 2.93 7.04 10.19 10.09 12.37 32.02 41.14
Pakistan 7.45 9.01 14.72 22.97 23.58 25.57 29.44 35.49
Russian Federation 0.00 0.00 0.00 35.82 34.13 32.28 31.15 32.14
Brazil 7.42 12.06 15.08 19.20 19.36 20.53 25.53 31.82
Germany 28.18 32.10 31.34 28.80 28.72 28.35 28.49 29.67
France 22.85 27.89 26.81 25.82 25.65 25.74 25.71 24.21
New Zealand 5.99 6.70 7.51 10.01 11.06 12.24 14.64 17.01
United Kingdom 12.97 15.97 15.25 14.81 14.84 14.49 14.47 13.96
Poland 14.96 16.49 15.84 11.70 12.12 11.89 11.95 12.30
Netherlands 8.24 11.79 11.23 11.01 10.92 11.16 10.85 11.65
Mexico 4.11 7.23 6.27 7.71 7.97 9.44 10.03 10.84
Argentina 4.19 5.31 6.28 9.14 9.37 10.12 9.91 10.50
Australia 7.76 5.57 6.46 8.99 9.32 10.85 10.13 9.02
Canada 8.31 7.41 7.98 7.89 8.10 8.16 7.81 8.24
Ireland 3.08 4.72 5.40 5.30 5.26 5.16 5.38 5.24
Romania 3.12 4.34 3.81 5.07 5.01 4.62 5.55 5.06
Denmark 4.48 5.12 4.74 4.70 4.63 4.72 4.58 4.91
Switzerland 3.20 3.68 3.88 3.88 3.88 3.91 3.96 4.11
Bangladesh 1.07 1.16 1.59 2.09 2.15 2.14 2.62 3.40
Austria 3.36 3.45 3.37 3.05 3.11 3.36 3.14 3.29
South Africa 2.91 2.50 2.48 2.64 2.85 2.54 2.87 3.23
Sweden 2.93 3.47 3.51 3.26 3.28 3.35 3.21 2.92
Chile 1.12 1.12 1.39 1.94 2.07 2.00 2.31 2.54
Finland 3.31 3.28 2.82 2.43 2.46 2.45 2.43 2.35
Afghanistan 0.75 0.84 0.83 1.56 1.72 1.66 1.73 1.82
Nepal 0.63 0.75 0.92 1.03 1.08 1.17 1.35 1.58
Norway 1.73 1.97 1.99 1.93 1.91 1.74 1.59 1.58
Indonesia 0.17 0.25 0.60 0.75 0.74 0.79 0.85 1.32
Thailand 0.00 0.03 0.13 0.34 0.39 0.52 0.89 0.85
Mauritania 0.24 0.23 0.27 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.37 0.39
Viet Nam 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.10 0.23 0.34
Sri Lanka 0.14 0.24 0.25 0.29 0.29 0.16 0.17 0.21
WORLD 391.82 465.66 542.47 547.02 550.77 578.88 648.00 720.98
Source: FAOSTAT

Back to Top

Meat Production And Per-capita Consumption 
  
   Product type production (million tons) Per capita /kg/year
   1985 1988 2000* 1985 1988 2000*
Milk 40.2 48.3 75.0 52.3 58.9 73.5
Cattle & Buffalo meat 0.21 0.52 0.84 0.27 0.63 0.82
Sheep & Goat meat 0.43 0.53 1.13 0.56 0.65 1.11
Pig meat  0.08 0.09 0.17 0.10 0.15 0.17
Poultry meat 0.27 0.31 1.10 0.35 0.38 1.08
Total meat production 0.99 1.45 3.24 1.28 1.77 3.18
Human population 769 820 1014 -- -- --

India stands first with regard to the bovine population and stands first in milk production in the world. It has been seen through nutritional studies that the milk production and meat production can be increased by 20% to 30% by improved feeding of the animals.

Back to Top

Glossary

Additives: An ingredient or combination of ingredients added to the basic feed mix or parts there of to fulfill a specific need.  Usually used in micro-quantities and requires careful handling and mixing.

By-product: Secondary products produced in addition to the principal product.

Compound feed: A nutritionally adequate feed for animals; using a specific formula, is compounded so as to be fed as the sole ration and is capable of maintaining life and promoting production without any additional substance being consumed except water.

Commercial feed: Compound feed which is produced for sale.

Concentrate: A feed used with another to improve the nutritive balance of the total and intended to be further diluted and mixed to produce a supplement or a complete feed.

Premix: A uniform mixture of one or more micro ingredients with diluent and/or carrier. Premixes are used to facilitate uniform dispersion of the micro-ingredients in a large mix.

Supplements: A feed used with another to improve the nutritive balance or performance of the total and intended to be fed (1) undiluted as a supplement to other feeds; or (2) offered free choice with other parts of the ration separately available; or (3) further diluted and mixed to produce a complete feed.

Back to Top

 

  

                                                               

   © Copyright 2012 Clfma Of India All Rights Reserved.